Novel spliced transcript of influenza A/WSN/33 virus

Shin Ru Shih*, Piin Chau Suen, Yuan Shou Chen, Shih Cheng Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

35 Scopus citations


It has been shown that influenza A virus M1 mRNA has two alternative 5' splice sites: a distal 5' splice site producing M3 mRNA that has the coding potential for 9 amino acids and a proximal 5' splice site producing M2 mRNA that encodes the essential M2 ion-channel protein. In this study, we demonstrated that the laboratory widely used strain A/WSN/33, but not A/Udorn/72 possessed another novel 5' splice site producing a transcript with the coding potential for 54 amino acids. We nominated this novel transcript as M4 mRNA. M4 mRNA was detected in A/WSN/33-infected cells derived from different species. Sequence comparison of M1 mRNA in both A/WSN/33 and Udorn/72 at position 143 to 151 reveals that this novel 5' splice site generated in WSN was due to one nucleotide difference at position 147. Several strains of influenza A viruses other than WSN also possess the potential M4 5' splice site by sequence analysis from the files of GenBank.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-183
Number of pages5
JournalVirus Genes
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998


  • Alternative splicing
  • Influenza A virus
  • M4 mRNA


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