Oncogenic Shp2 disturbs microtubule regulation to cause HDAC6-dependent ERK hyperactivation

S. C. Tien, Z. F. Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deregulation of Shp2, a non-receptor tyrosine phosphatase, causes hyperactivation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), leading to growth abnormality. Here, we show that inhibition of RhoA-Dia is sufficient to upregulate ERK activation in epithelial cells. Oncogenic Shp2 expression attenuates RhoA-Dia signaling, by which microtubule (MT) is destabilized with reduced level of acetylation. Either MT stabilization, silencing of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) or enforcing RhoA-Dia signal prevents oncogenic Shp2-induced ERK hyperactivation. We provide evidence that downregulation of RhoA-Dia-EB1 pathway by oncogenic Shp2 leads to HDAC6-mediated reduction in MT acetylation, in turn affecting ERK regulation. In response to serum stimulation, cells expressing wild-type Shp2 display transient ERK activation. In contrast, cells expressing oncogenic Shp2 have prolonged ERK activation. HDAC6 inhibition diminishes sustained activation of ERK and slows down the growth of these cells. Likewise, in human cancer cells, blocking Shp2 increases MT acetylation and decreases ERK phosphorylation, which are reversed by inhibition of Dia. As such, HDAC6 inhibition in these cells also reduces ERK activity. Our findings link MT regulation by HDAC6 to oncogenic Shp2 and ERK regulation, implicating the therapeutic potential of HDAC6 inhibitor in diseases involving Shp2 deregulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2938-2946
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume33
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 05 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ERK
  • HDAC6
  • Shp2
  • microtubule acetylation

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