Optically Guided Epidural Needle Placement Using 405-nm Wavelength for Accurate Puncture

Su Man Lin, Cihun Siyong Alex Gong, Tai An Chiang, Mei Yung Tsou, Chien Kun Ting*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations


Several approaches of locating the epidural space have been proposed. However, loss of Resistance method (LOR) remains the most common method for epidural anesthesia. Different optical signals were received from the ligamentum flavum and the epidural space allows operator to pinpoint position of the needle and determine whether the needle tip has entered the epidural space. Optical signals throughout the penetration process was recorded and position of needle tip was confirmed with a C-arm fluoroscopy. 60 lumbar punctures were performed in 20 vivo porcine models, and success rate of locating the epidural space with the optical auxiliary is calculated statistically. The data are expressed in mean ± SD. During all the lumber puncture processes, the strength of optical signals received decreased significantly while the needle tip penetrates the ligamentum flavum and entered the epidural space. The strength of optical signal received when needle tip was in the ligamentum flavum was 1.38 ± 0.57. The signal strength at epidural space was 0.46 ± 0.35. Strength of signal decreased by 67% when entered epidural space, and there is no significant differences in decrease of strength from data obtained from thevertebrae (lumbar segments)L2-L3, L3-L4, and L4-L5. Finally, we calculated with assistance of the proposed optical auxiliary, the success rate for guiding the needle tip to the epidural space using was as high as 87%. It is evidently believed that the optical auxiliary equipped is visualized to assist operators inserting needle accurately and efficiently into epidural space during epidural anesthesia operation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1552
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 01 12 2019

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© 2019, The Author(s).


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