Optimization of power deposition and a heating strategy for external ultrasound thermal therapy

Win Li Lin*, Tzu Chen Liang, Jia Yush Yen, Hao Li Liu, Yung Yaw Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

22 Scopus citations


The purpose of this paper is to examine the thermal dose distribution, to configure the optimal absorbed power deposition, and to design an appropriate heating strategy for ultrasound thermal therapy. This work employs simulation programs, which are based on the transient bio-heat transfer equation and an ideal absorbed power deposition or an ideal temperature elevation within a cube of tissue, to study the optimal absorbed power deposition. Meanwhile, a simplified model of a scanned ultrasound transducer power deposition (a cone with convergent/divergent shape) is used to investigate the heating strategy for a large tumor with a sequence of heating pulses. The distribution of thermal dose equivalence defined by Sapareto and Dewey [Int. J. Radiat. Oncol., Biol., Phys. 10, 787-800 (1984)] is used to evaluate the heating result for a set of given parameters. The parameters considered are the absorbed power density, heating duration, temperature elevation, blood perfusion, and the size of heating cube. The results demonstrate that the peak temperature is the key factor determining the thermal dose for this short-duration heating. Heat conduction has a very strong influence on the responses of temperature and thermal dose for a small heating cube and the boundary portion of a large heating cube. Hence, for obtaining the same therapeutic result, a higher power density is required for these two conditions to compensate the great temperature difference between the heating cube and the surrounding tissue. The influence of blood perfusion on the thermal dose is negligible on the boundary portion of the heating cube, while in the central portion it may become a crucial factor as a lower power density is used in this portion to save the delivered energy. When using external ultrasound heating method to treat a large tumor, the size of heating unit, the sequence of heating pulses, and the cooling-time interval between the consecutive heating pulses are the important factors to be determined to have an appropriate treatment within a reasonable overall treatment time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2172-2181
Number of pages10
JournalMedical Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Conduction
  • Heating strategy
  • Peak temperature
  • Ultrasound thermal therapy


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