Optimizing mass casualty burns intensive care organization and treatment using evidence-based outcome predictors

Huang Kai Kao, Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Hao Wei Kou, Kuo Chin Kao, Han Chung Hu, Chia Ming Chang, Chia Hui Lee, Hsiang Hao Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Majority of current research focuses on pre-hospital care in mass casualty incidents (MCI) whereas this study is the first to examine multifactorial aspects of intensive care unit (ICU) resource management during a surge in massive burn injury (MBI) patients whilst identifying key outcome predictors that resulted in successful disaster managements. Methods: Both critical care, surgical parameters and cost-effectiveness are investigated in patients admitted with severe burns resulting from the explosion. A fully integrated trauma response and expansion of critical care resources in Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) in this incident is analyzed. Results: 52 burn patients were treated in CGMH and 27 patients (51.9%) had TBSA greater than 45% with the mean TBSA of 44.6 ± 20.3%. ICU based management of MBI including early debridement and resource strategizing. The overall mortality rate was 2/52 (3.85%). Patients had an average of 14.8 days on mechanical ventilation and 43 days as an inpatient in total. Operative treatment wise, 44.2% of patients received escharotomies and each patient received an average of 2 skin grafting procedures. The initial TBSA was a significant predictor for burn wound infection (OR 1.107, 95% CI 1.023–1.298; p = 0.011). Each patient cost an average of USD 1035 per TBSA% with an average total cost of USD 50415. Conclusion: With ever increasing chances of terrorist activity in urban areas, hospitals can hopefully increase their preparedness using outcome-predictors presented in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1082
Number of pages6
Issue number5
StatePublished - 08 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI


  • Burns
  • Dust explosion
  • Intensive care
  • Mass casualty
  • Massive burns injury
  • Resource management


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