Outcome of laparoscopic repair of ureteral injury: Follow-up of twelve cases

Chien Min Han, Heng Hao Tan, Nari Kay, Chin Jung Wang, Hsuan Su, Chih Feng Yen, Chyi Long Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective: To review the feasibility of laparoscopic repair in cases of ureteral injuries occurring during gynecologic laparoscopy. Design: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Setting: Institution-specific retrospective review of data from a tertiary referral medical center. Patients: Patients suffering from iatrogenic ureteral injuries diagnosed during or after surgery, and cases with deliberate ureteral resection and repair because of underlying disease. Measurements and Main Results: We conducted a retrospective review of all (10 345) laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries performed in our institute between February 2004 and November 2008. Twelve cases (median: 45.5 years, range: 27-63) of ureter transections were diagnosed and repaired laparoscopically by endoscopists. Of these, 10 had previous surgeries, pelvic adhesions, or a large pelvic-abdominal mass. One patient had undergone a segmental resection and laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy for deep infiltrative endometriosis. Of the remaining 11 iatrogenic ureteral transections, 10 were repaired via laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy, whereas 1 had undergone a laparoscopic ureteroneocystostomy. One injury was recognized on the second postoperative day, but intraoperative recognition was attained in 11 cases. The median duration of double J stenting was 73 days. Three patients had development of strictures (between 42 and 79 days after surgery) treated with restenting, but 1 had to undergo an ureteroneocystostomy for ureter disruption when trying to restent. One patient had development of leakage of the anastomotic site but recovered with a change of the double J stent. Only 1 case required another laparotomy for ureteroneocystostomy. Laparoscopic primary repair of ureteral injury was successful for 11 of 12 patients. All the patients were well and symptom free at the conclusion of the study period. Conclusion: Early recognition and treatment of ureteral injuries are important to prevent morbidity. Laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy could be considered in transections of the ureter where technical expertise is available. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest series, to date, of ureteral repairs via laparoscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-75
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 2012

Keywords

  • Anastomosis
  • Complications
  • Laparoscopy
  • Transection
  • Ureter

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