Overexpression of β2-microglobulin is associated with poor survival in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma and contributes to oral cancer cell migration and invasion

C. H. Chen, C. Y. Su, C. Y. Chien*, C. C. Huang, H. C. Chuang, F. M. Fang, H. Y. Huang, C. M. Chen, S. J. Chiou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

β2-Microglobulin (β2M), a component of MHC class I molecules, is believed to be associated with tumour status in various cancers. In this study, we examined the expression of β2M at different malignant stages of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). To determine the possible correlation between β2M expression and various clinical characteristics, 256 samples from patients with OCSCC were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Strong β2M expression was significantly correlated with a relatively advanced tumour stage (P<0.001), positive nodal status (P<0.001), and TNM stage (P<0.001). The cumulative 5-year survival rate was significantly correlated with a relatively advanced tumour stage (P<0.001), positive nodal status (P<0.001), TNM stage (P<0.001), and strong expression of β2M (P<0.001). Thus, elevated β2M expression is an indicator of poor survival (P<0.001). In addition, we extended our analysis of β2M expression to the FaDu and SCC25 oral cancer cell lines. β2-Microglobulin expression was positively correlated with cell migration and invasion in β2M-overexpressing transfectants in Transwell chambers. The suppression of β2M expression using small interfering RNA (siRNA) was sufficient to decrease cell migration and invasion in vitro. Taken together, our results suggest that β2M expression in the tissues is associated with survival and may be involved in tumour progression and metastasis in OCSCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1453-1461
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume99
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 10 2008

Keywords

  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Invasion
  • Migration
  • Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma
  • β2-microglobulin

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