Peritumoral Brain Edema in Meningiomas May Be Related to Glymphatic Dysfunction

Cheng Hong Toh*, Tiing Yee Siow, Mauricio Castillo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

23 Scopus citations


The pathogenesis of peritumoral brain edema (PTBE) in meningiomas remains unclear. The glymphatic system is recently recognized as a pathway for waste clearance and maintaining fluid balance in the brain parenchymal interstitium. We aimed to investigate if the PTBE volume of meningiomas correlates with their glymphatic function. A total of 80 meningioma patients (mean age, 58.8 years; 37 men) and 44 normal subjects (mean age 53.3 years; 23 men) who had preoperative diffusion-tensor imaging for calculation of the analysis along the perivascular space (ALPS) index were retrospectively included. Information collected from each patient included sex, age, tumor grade, Ki-67 index, tumor location, tumor volume, PTBE volume and ALPS index. Comparisons of ALPS index among meningiomas without PTBE, meningiomas with PTBE, and normal subjects were performed using analysis of covariance with Bonferroni correction and adjustments for age and sex. Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with PTBE volume. Group comparisons revealed that the ALPS index was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in meningiomas without PTBE vs. meningiomas with PTBE and normal subjects. On the other hand, ALPS index was not different between meningiomas with PTBE and normal subjects. On Pearson correlation and multivariable linear regression analyses, the ALPS index was the only factor significantly (P < 0.05) associated with PTBE volume. In conclusion, PTBE volume inversely correlated with ALPS index in meningiomas. PTBE formation in meningiomas may be related to glymphatic dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number674898
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
StatePublished - 22 04 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2021 Toh, Siow and Castillo.


  • brain interstitial fluid
  • diffusion-tensor imaging
  • glymphatic system
  • meningioma
  • peritumoral brain edema


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