Platelet CD40L Expression Response to Mixing of pRBCs and Washed Platelets but no Causality Association between Platelet ROS Generation and CD40L Expression: An In Vitro Study

Mei Hua Hu, Tien Yu Huang, Yu Ching Chou, Go Shine Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Platelets play a role in transfusion reaction via reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and CD40 ligand (CD40L) expression. In this study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that the mixing of packed red blood cells (pRBCs) and washed platelets has a causal effect on platelet ROS generation and CD40L expression. Thus, a better understanding of this causality relationship may help interrupt the chain of events and avoid an uncontrollable transfusion reaction. We simulated transfusion in vitro by mixing pRBCs and washed platelets. Donor cross-matched stored pRBCs) from our blood bank and recipient whole blood from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery prepared into washed platelets were used. Briefly, donor pRBCs were added to washed recipient platelets to form 1%, 5%, or 10% (v/v) mixtures. The mixed blood sample was used to determine platelet ROS generation (dichlorofluorescein fluorescence levels) and CD40L expression. The effect of antioxidants (20 mM glutamine and 20 mM dipeptiven) on ROS generation and CD40L expression was also evaluated. Platelet ROS generation was not significantly associated with the mixing of pRBCs and washed platelets (p = 0.755), glutamine treatment (p = 0.800), or dipeptiven treatment (p = 0.711). The expression of CD40L by platelets increased significantly (p < 0.001), and no significant difference was noted after treatment with glutamine (p = 0.560) or dipeptiven (p = 0.618). We observed that the mixing pRBCs and washed platelets had no effect via ROS, whereas CD40L could directly induce transfusion reactions. Furthermore, platelets did not causally express ROS or CD40L after being mixed with pRBCs. Although antioxidants are more accessible than anti-CD40L antibodies, platelet ROS may not serve as a therapeutic target for antioxidants. Nevertheless, CD40L expression may be a valuable therapeutic target for managing transfusion reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1108
JournalAntioxidants
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 06 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • CD40L
  • antioxidant
  • platelet
  • reactive oxygen species
  • transfusion reaction

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