Predictors of decision ambivalence and the differences between actual living liver donors and potential living liver donors

Li Chueh Weng, Hsiu Li Huang, Hsiu Hsin Tsai, Wei Chen Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background The decision to become a living liver donor is a stressful event. Ambivalence in decision making may result in psychological distress. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide a description of the ambivalence of potential living liver donors, to examine the predictors of ambivalence, and to compare the ambivalence of potential living liver donors with that of actual living liver donors. Methods This descriptive and correlational study was conducted in a medical center from August 2013 to December 2015. Self-reported questionnaires were used to collect data. A total of 263 potential living liver donors who were assessed for donation to their parents were included in this study. Results The mean age of the total sample was 30.7 years (SD = 6.39, range = 20-47), and males comprised 53.6% of the sample. The majority of the potential donors had a college education (70.8%) and were single (63.5%). Of the total sample, the mean score for ambivalence was 4.27 (SD = 1.87, range = 0-7). Multivariate analysis revealed that the Mental Component Summary (MCS) of quality of life (β =-0.24, p < 0.01), family support (β =-0.17, p = 0.007), and intimacy (β =-0.13, p = 0.04) were significant protective predictors of ambivalence. Actual living liver donors had significantly lower ambivalence (3.82 versus 4.60), higher intimacy with recipients (3.55 versus 3.34), higher MCS (45.26 versus 42.80), and higher family support (34.39 versus 29.79) than did the remaining potential living liver donors. Conclusion Ambivalence is common in potential living liver donors. The MCS of quality of life, family support, and intimacy were protective predictors in terms of ambivalence. Future research should explore other factors and design interventions targeted toward reducing ambivalence, promoting family support, and enhancing the mental dimensions of quality of life in potential living liver donors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0175672
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number5
StatePublished - 05 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Weng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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