Predictors of successful weaning from prolonged mechanical ventilation in Taiwan

Yao Kuang Wu, Kuo Chin Kao, Kuang Hung Hsu, Meng Jer Hsieh, Ying Huang Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: For adult patients on prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV, ≥21 days), successful weaning has been attributed to various factors. The purpose of this study was to describe patient outcomes, weaning rates and factors in successful weaning at a hospital-based respiratory care center (RCC) in Taiwan. Methods and results: This was a retrospective observational study performed in a 24-bed RCC over six years. A total of 1307 patients on PMV were included in the study. The overall survival rate was 62%. Fifty-six percent of patients were successfully weaned. Unsuccessfully weaned patients had higher MICU transfer rates, higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores, longer duration of RCC stay, higher rates of being bed-ridden prior to admission, increased hemodialysis rates, higher modified Glasgow Coma Scale scores, higher rapid shallow breathing index, lower inspiratory pressure at residual volume (PImax) and lower blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels. Factors found to be associated with unsuccessful weaning were length of RCC stay (OR = 1.04, P < 0.001), modified GCS score (OR = 0.93, P < 0.046), PImax (OR = 0.97, P < 0.001), serum albumin concentration (OR = 0.62, P < 0.023) and BUN level (OR = 1.01, P < 0.002). Conclusion: High rates of ventilator independence can be achieved in an RCC setting as an alternative to ICU care. Factors associated with unsuccessful weaning included longer duration of RCC stay, elevated BUN levels and lower modified GCS scores, serum albumin and PImax levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1189-1195
Number of pages7
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume103
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 08 2009

Keywords

  • Long-term acute care facilities
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Prolonged mechanical ventilation
  • Respiratory care center
  • Weaning

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