Preemptive analgesia installation during gynecologic laparoscopy: A randomized trial

Yin Jou Chou, Yu Che Ou, Kuo Chung Lan, Bruno Jawan, Shiuh Young Chang, Fu Tsai Kung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

32 Scopus citations


STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative infusion of bupivacaine solution for the relief of pain after operative gynecologic laparoscopy. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial (Canadian Task Force classification I4). SETTING: Tertiary teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety-one women aged 16 to 69 years who underwent gynecologic laparoscopic surgery from November 2002 through November 2003. INTERVENTIONS: Group A (n = 30): intraperitoneal infusion of a mixture of 10 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine (50 mg) with epinephrine (1:500) in 40 mL of Ringer's lactate solution postoperatively. Group B (n = 30): the same mixture solution infusion preoperatively and postoperatively (total 100 mg bupivacaine). Group C (n = 31): placebo. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Shoulder tip pain (STP), abdominal parietal pain (APP), and abdominal visceral pain (AVP) were recorded on a visual analog scale at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 hours postoperatively. A total of 79 patients fulfilled the study criteria. The overall incidence of STP was 60.8%. Abdominal visceral pain in group B was significantly less than in group C at 2 and 4 hours postoperatively (p = .011 and p = .010, respectively). No statistically significant difference was found in length of hospital stay, postoperative meperidine consumption, or side effects. CONCLUSION: Intraperitoneal bupivacaine administration both immediately after placement of trocars and at the end of surgery was found to be effective in reducing the intensity of AVP but not in reducing STP, APP, or postoperative analgesia consumption after nonadvanced gynecologic laparoscopic procedures. The duration of the analgesic effect of bupivacaine instilled into the peritoneal cavity did not exceed 8 hours and probably was not dose related.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-335
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 08 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Gynecologic laparoscopy
  • Intraperitoneal bupivacaine
  • Pain
  • Visual analog score


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