Prognostic Factors and Visual Outcomes of Pyogenic Liver Abscess-Related Endogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae Endophthalmitis: A 20-year retrospective review

Yi Hua Chen, Ya Han Li, Yu Jr Lin, Yen Po Chen, Nan Kai Wang, An Ning Chao, Laura Liu, Wei Chi Wu, Chi Chun Lai, Tun Lu Chen, Kuan Jen Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endogenous K. pneumoniae endophthalmitis (EKE) has a higher incidence among East Asians, and the most common infectious source of EKE is pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). We investigate the risk factors for poor visual outcomes in patients with PLA-related EKE. The retrospective medical records of 104 patients (120 eyes) diagnosed with PLA-related EKE between 1996 and 2015. In univariate logistic regression analysis, the risk factors for poor visual outcomes were initial visual acuity (VA) worse than counting fingers (CF) (p < 0.001), eye pain (p = 0.013), hypopyon (p = 0.003), ocular hypertension (p = 0.003), positive intraocular fluids cultures (p < 0.001), subretinal abscess (p = 0.025), unilateral involvement (p = 0.017), delayed ophthalmologic visit (p = 0.022), initially presented with ocular symptoms ahead of systemic symptoms (p < 0.001), and corneal edema (p < 0.001). Intravitreal dexamethasone reduced the requirement of enucleation or evisceration (p = 0.01). The multivariate logistic regression revealed that poor initial VA worse than CF (p = 0.004) and initially presented with ocular symptoms ahead of systemic symptoms (p = 0.007) were the significant independent factors for poor visual outcomes. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment may salvage useful vision in some eyes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1071
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 12 2019

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© 2019, The Author(s).

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