Prostaglandin E1 Attenuates Pulmonary Artery Remodeling by Activating Phosphorylation of CREB and the PTEN Signaling Pathway

Ying Ju Lai*, Hsao Hsun Hsu, Gwo Jyh Chang, Shu Hui Lin, Wei Jan Chen, Chung Chi Huang, Jong Hwei S. Pang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations


The depletion of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding protein (CREB) and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is the critical mediator of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We hypothesized that the activation of phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) and PTEN could inhibit the AKT signaling pathway to attenuate pulmonary arterial remodeling in rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH. We observed decreased PTEN and pCREB in idiopathic PAH versus control tissue. We reduced PTEN using small interfering RNA in human control pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and observed an increase in pAKT. Consistent with PTEN knockdown in PASMCs, prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) induced pCREB expression to stimulate PTEN protein expression and inhibited pAKT in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The enhanced proliferation and migration of PASMCs following PTEN knockdown were significantly inhibited by PGE1 treatment. The PGE1-induced elevation of PTEN expression in PTEN-depleted PASMCs was decreased by the application of a PKA inhibitor and a CBP-CREB interaction inhibitor. Supplementation with a novel emulsion composition comprising PGE1 in rats with monocrotaline-induced PAH prevented pulmonary arterial remodeling and improved hemodynamics via the induced expression of PTEN. We conclude that PGE1 recruits pCREB/PTEN to decrease the migration and proliferation of PASMCs associated with PAH. This finding elucidates a relevant underlying mechanism of the PGE1/CREB/PTEN signaling pathway to prevent progressive PAH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9974
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 01 12 2017

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© 2017 The Author(s).


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