PSF reconstruction for Compton-based prompt gamma imaging

Meei Ling Jan, Ming Wei Lee, Hsuan Ming Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

18 Scopus citations


Compton-based prompt gamma (PG) imaging has been proposed for in vivo range verification in proton therapy. However, several factors degrade the image quality of PG images, some of which are due to inherent properties of a Compton camera such as spatial resolution and energy resolution. Moreover, Compton-based PG imaging has a spatially variant resolution loss. In this study, we investigate the performance of the list-mode ordered subset expectation maximization algorithm with a shift-variant point spread function (LM-OSEM-SV-PSF) model. We also evaluate how well the PG images reconstructed using an SV-PSF model reproduce the distal falloff of the proton beam. The SV-PSF parameters were estimated from simulation data of point sources at various positions. Simulated PGs were produced in a water phantom irradiated with a proton beam. Compared to the LM-OSEM algorithm, the LM-OSEM-SV-PSF algorithm improved the quality of the reconstructed PG images and the estimation of PG falloff positions. In addition, the 4.44 and 5.25 MeV PG emissions can be accurately reconstructed using the LM-OSEM-SV-PSF algorithm. However, for the 2.31 and 6.13 MeV PG emissions, the LM-OSEM-SV-PSF reconstruction provides limited improvement. We also found that the LM-OSEM algorithm followed by a shift-variant Richardson-Lucy deconvolution could reconstruct images with quality visually similar to the LM-OSEM-SV-PSF-reconstructed images, while requiring shorter computation time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035015
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 02 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine.


  • Compton camera
  • image reconstruction
  • point spread function
  • prompt gamma imaging


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