Quantum Monte Carlo Studies of CO Adsorption on Transition Metal Surfaces

Cheng Rong Hsing, Chun Ming Chang*, Ching Cheng, Ching Ming Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

13 Scopus citations


The adsorptions of CO molecule on various fcc(111) surfaces (Rh, Ir, Pt, and Cu) have been studied by diffusion quantum Monte Carlo (DMC) calculations, and the results show that the top site is the most stable adsorption site on all the four surfaces, in agreement with experiments. In particular, the site preference including the bridge site for CO/Pt(111) is predicted, i.e., the top site is most preferred followed by the bridge site while the hollow sites are much less favorable, in accordance with the existing experimental observations of the bridge-site adsorption, yet never on the hollow sites. Compared to the DMC results, density functional theory (DFT) calculations with the generalized-gradient approximation (GGA) predict very similar adsorption energies on the top site, but they overestimate those on the bridge and hollow sites. That is, although the nonlocal exchange-correlation contribution is small for the single-coordinated top-site adsorption, it is essential and required to be properly included for a correct description of the higher coordinated bridge- and hollow-sites adsorptions. These altogether explain why the top site adsorption for CO on Rh, Pt, and Cu(111) surfaces was not predicted correctly by the previous standard local or semilocal DFT calculations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15659-15664
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number25
StatePublished - 27 06 2019
Externally publishedYes

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© 2019 American Chemical Society.


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