Rapid induction of cytokine gene expression in the lung after single and fractionated doses of radiation

J. H. Hong*, C. S. Chiang, C. Y. Tsao, P. Y. Lin, W. H. McBride, C. J. Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate cytokine gene expression in the lung after single and fractionated doses of radiation, and to investigate the effect of steroids and the genetic background. Materials and methods: Expression-of cytokine genes (mTNF-α mIL-1α, mIL-1β, mIL-2, mIL-3, mIL-4, mIL-5, mIL-6, mIFN-γ) in the lungs of C3H/HeJ and C57BL/6J mice was measured by RNase protection assay at different times after various doses of radiation. The effects of dexamethasone and fractionated radiation treatment on gene expression were also studied. Results: IL-1β was the major cytokine induced in the lungs of C3H/HeJ mice within the first day after thoracic irradiation. Radiation doses as low as 1 Gy were effective. Responses to 20Gy irradiation peaked within 4-8h and subsided by 24h. With the exception of IL-1α and TNF- α, the other cytokines that were investigated had undetectable pre-treatment mRNA levels and were not radiation inducible. Similar responses were seen in C57BL/6J mice, although TNF-α-was induced and there were some quantitative differences. Pre-treatment of C3H/HeJ mice with dexamethasone reduced basal and induced IL-1 levels, but complete inhibition was not achieved. Dexamethasone was also effective if given immediately after irradiation. Fractionated daily doses of radiation (4Gy/day) helped to maintain cytokine gene expression for a longer period. Conclusions: Inflammatory genes are rapidly induced in the lung by irradiation. This response cannot be readily abolished by steroid pre-treatment. Fractionated treatment schedules help to perpetuate the response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1421-1427
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume75
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

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