Recovery and separation of surfactin from pretreated Bacillus subtilis broth by reverse micellar extraction

Ruey Shin Juang*, Huei Li Chen, Shu Chi Tsao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The recovery and purification of surfactin from the fermentation broth of Bacillus subtilis ATCC (American Type Culture Collection) 21332 by extraction and stripping (back extraction) using reverse micelles was studied. Prior to extraction, the broth was precipitated by acid (HCl) at pH 4 and the precipitate was then dissolved in alkaline (NaOH) solution at pH 11. The effects of the type and concentration of surfactant, phase volume ratio, initial aqueous pH, and the presence of co-solvents on the extraction as well as the effects of the type and concentration of added inorganic salt and ethanol on the stripping were studied. It was shown that, in the absence of co-solvents, the extraction efficiency of 3.0. g/L surfactin from the pretreated broth by reverse micelles of 40. mM tri-n-octylamine (TOA) and 5. mM Aliquat 336 in n-hexane was more than 92%. The concentrations of the added inorganic salt (ammonium sulfate and sodium chloride) in the strip solution were also optimized. The purity of recovered surfactin from the TOA reverse micelles was higher than 90% when the strip solution contained 0.43. M of sodium chloride in water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-83
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 02 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cationic surfactants
  • Fermentation
  • Liquid-liquid extraction
  • Reverse micelles
  • Separation
  • Surfactin

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