Resveratrol Treatment Ameliorates Leptin Resistance and Adiposity Programed by the Combined Effect of Maternal and Post-Weaning High-Fat Diet

Hong Ren Yu, Jiunn Ming Sheen, Mao Meng Tiao, You Lin Tain, Chih Cheng Chen, I. Chun Lin, Yun Ju Lai, Ching Chou Tsai, Yu Ju Lin, Ching Chang Tsai, Kow Aung Chang, Li Tung Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scope: Prenatal high-fat (HF) and postnatal HF diet are both associated with obesity and metabolic disturbances in adults. Leptin resistance induced by obesity limits its biological effects. The anti-obesity mechanism of resveratrol in visceral adiposity is investigated here. Methods and results: During mating and lactation, Sprague–Dawley dams are fed either control or a HF diet. Subsequently, the offspring are fed chow or an HF diet. A fifth group that received maternal/postnatal HF diet and resveratrol after weaning (HHR) is used to study the effects of resveratrol treatment. Resveratrol treatment alleviates adiposity programed by maternal and postnatal HF diet by decreasing feed intake or inducing metabolic changes. Resveratrol treatment is also found to ameliorate the decrease in SIRT1 abundance observed in retroperitoneal adipose tissue, programed by maternal and postnatal HF diet. Moreover, resveratrol therapy decreases plasma leptin level and increases leptin receptor expression in retroperitoneal adipose tissue through DNA methylation modification. Conclusion: These results suggest that resveratrol can alleviate peripheral leptin resistance programed by the combined effect of prenatal and postnatal HF diet through epigenetic regulation of genes coding leptin and its receptor. It provides insights into a novel mechanism explaining the beneficial effects of resveratrol in obesity management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1801385
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume63
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • adipose tissue
  • high-fat diet
  • leptin resistance
  • postnatal
  • prenatal
  • resveratrol

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