Risk factors associated with periodontal disease and its impact on quality of life among pregnant women

Hsiang Hsi Hong, Yi Heng Chen, Po Jen Cheng, Min Yu Chang, Li Lan Chuang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Background: Periodontal disease during pregnancy affects maternal oral health and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, studies on the risk factors for periodontal disease and its impact on oral health-related quality of life in pregnant women in Taiwan are lacking. This present study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with periodontal disease during pregnancy and examine the relationship of periodontal disease with oral health-related quality of life among pregnant women. Methods: This study was conducted in a large medical centre in northern Taiwan. Eighty-four participants completed a periodontal examination by dentists as well as structured questionnaires, including the Oral Health Impact Profile-14, demographics, obstetric history, dietary habits, and oral hygiene behaviours. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the risk factors associated with periodontal disease and a t-test was used to compare the difference in oral health-related quality of life between pregnant women with and without periodontal disease. Results: Fifty participants (59.5%) had periodontal diseases. Risk factors for periodontal disease included eating out for lunch, consuming beverages, brushing less than three times per day, and not receiving regular professional dental cleanings. The oral health-related quality of life was significantly poorer in pregnant women with periodontal disease than in those without. Conclusions: The risk factors for periodontal disease, including eating out for lunch, drinking beverages, brushing teeth less, and not regular dental cleaning, provide convincing evidence for pregnant women to maintain good oral hygiene to prevent periodontal disease and improve oral health-related quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2264382
Pages (from-to)2264382
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Oral Health
  • Periodontal Diseases
  • Pregnancy
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Factors
  • Humans
  • Periodontal Diseases/complications
  • Pregnancy Complications
  • Pregnant Women
  • Female
  • Pregnancy Outcome

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