Risk factors for peritumoral edema after radiosurgery for intracranial benign meningiomas: a long-term follow-up in a single institution

Sheng Han Huang, Chi Cheng Chuang, Chun Chieh Wang, Kuo Chen Wei, Hsien Chih Chen, Peng Wei Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Peritumoral edema (PTE) is recognized as a complication following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The aim of this paper was to evaluate the risk of post-SRS PTE for intracranial benign meningiomas and determine the predictive factors. METHODS Between 2006 and 2021, 227 patients with 237 WHO grade I meningiomas were treated with Novalis linear accelerator SRS. All patients were treated with a single-fraction dose of 11–20 Gy (median 14 Gy). The median tumor volume was 3.32 cm3 (range 0.24–51.7 cm3). RESULTS The median follow-up was 52 months (range 12–178 months). The actuarial local tumor control rates at 2, 5, and 10 years after SRS were 99.0%, 96.7%, and 86.3%, respectively. Twenty-seven (11.9%) patients developed new or worsened post-SRS PTE, with a median onset time of 5.2 months (range 1.2–50 months). Only 2 patients developed post-SRS PTE after 24 months. The authors evaluated factors related to new-onset or worsened PTE after SRS. In univariate analysis, initial tumor volume > 10 cm3 (p = 0.03), total marginal dose > 14 Gy (p < 0.001), preexisting edema (p < 0.0001), tumor location (p < 0.001), parasagittal location (p < 0.0001), superior sagittal sinus (SSS) involvement (p < 0.0001), and SSS invasion (p < 0.015) were found to be significant risk factors. In multivariate analysis, total marginal dose > 14 Gy (HR 3.38, 95% CI 1.37–8.33, p = 0.008), preexisting SRS edema (HR 12.86, 95% CI 1.09–4.15, p < 0.0001), tumor location (HR 2.13, 95% CI 1.04–3.72, p = 0.027), parasagittal location (HR 8.84, 95% CI 1.48–52.76, p = 0.017), and SSS invasion (HR 0.34, 95% CI 0.13–0.89, p = 0.027) were significant risk factors. Twelve (5.3%) patients were symptomatic. Ten of 27 patients had complete resolution of neurological symptoms and edema improvement with steroid treatment. Steroid treatment failed in 2 patients, who subsequently required resection for PTE. CONCLUSIONS Radiosurgery is a safe and effective method of treating benign intracranial meningiomas according to long-term follow-up. We also identified total marginal dose > 14 Gy, preexisting PTE, parasagittal location, and SSS invasion as predictors of post-SRS PTE. Risk factors for post-SRS PTE should be considered in meningioma treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE7
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

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© AANS 2022, except where prohibited by US copyright law

Keywords

  • Meningioma
  • Peritumoral edema
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

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