Risk factors for vascular dementia: A hospital-based study in Taiwan

Jun Cheng Lin, Wen Chuin Hsu*, Hai Pei Hsu, Hon Chung Fung, Sien Tsong Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: In Taiwan, next to Alsheimer's, vascular dementia (VD) is the second leading cause of dementia in the elderly. Few studies have examined cardiovascular risk factors and their association with VD in Taiwan. Methods: This is a case-control study using a sampling of subjects from the outpatient memory clinics of two hospitals. Identified cases were those patients diagnosed with VD based on the DSM-IV criteria. The controls were subjects with Clinical Dementia Rating Scale as 0, i.e. no dementia from the same dementia registry database. Exposure was recorded by means of a risk factor questionnaire or medical examination. Results: There were a total of 190 patients with VD and 155 controls in this study. Significant risk factors were age, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia. There was no correlation with sex, education, cigarette smoking or alcohol consumption. Conclusions: This study confirmed reported cardiovascular risk factors contributing to VD as in Western countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-26
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurologica Taiwanica
Issue number1
StatePublished - 03 2007


  • Cardiovascular risk factor
  • Case-control
  • Taiwan
  • Vascular dementia


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