Risk factors influencing the outcome of peptic ulcer bleeding in end stage renal diseases after initial endoscopic haemostasis

S. C. Lin, K. L. Wu, K. W. Chiu, C. T. Lee, Y. C. Chiu, Y. P. Chou, M. L. Hu, W. C. Tai, S. S. Chiou, T. H. Hu, C. S. Changchien, S. K. Chuah*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aims: Patients suffering from peptic ulcer (PU) bleeding who have end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may encounter more adverse outcomes. The primary objective is to investigate the risk factors that influence the outcomes of ESRD and chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with PU bleeding after successful initial endoscopic haemostasis. Methods: A total of 540 patients with PU bleeding after initial endoscopic haemostasis in a tertiary hospital were investigated retrospectively. They were sorted into three groups after randomised age-matched adjustment: ESRD group (n = 90), CKD group (n = 90) and control group (n = 360). Main outcome measurements were rebleeding, requirement for blood transfusion and surgery, length of hospital stay and mortality. Results: The rebleeding rates were 43% for the ESRD group vs. 21% for the CKD group vs. 12% for the control group (overall p = < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed the predictors of rebleeding were ESRD, time to endoscope, and non-high-dose proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) users. The risk factors for bleeding-related mortality were presence of moderate degree of CKD and ESRD group, time to endoscope, and Rockall score. All-cause mortality was related to presence of moderate degree of CKD and ESRD group, platelet count, time to endoscope, Rockall score and length of hospital stay. Conclusions: ESRD patients who suffered from PU bleeding were at risk of excessive rebleeding and mortality with frequent occurrence of delayed rebleeding. This study suggests that early endoscopy for initial haemostasis and high-dose intravenous PPI are associated with the reduction of rebleeding risk especially in patients with high Rockall scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)774-781
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume66
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 08 2012

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