Seasonal Variations in the Occurrence of Retinal Vein Occlusion: A Five-Year Nationwide Population-Based Study from Taiwan

Jau Der Ho, Ching Yao Tsai, Shiow Wen Liou, Ray Jui Fang Tsai, Herng Ching Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether seasonal variation exists in the incidence of retinal vein occlusion. Design: Retrospective, nationwide population-based administrative database study. Methods: We collected data on outpatient and emergency visits for the period from January 1999 through December 2003 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, a source that covers more than 96% of Taiwan's 23 million citizens. In total, 20,792 patients with a first-time diagnosis of either central retinal vein occlusion or branch retinal vein occlusion (The International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] code 362.35 or 362.36, respectively) were identified. Monthly incidence of retinal vein occlusion was obtained for each age group, each gender group, and for the entire sample. The autoregressive integrated moving average method of analysis was adopted to examine seasonality in the monthly incidence of retinal vein occlusion. Results: The monthly incidence rates of retinal vein occlusion revealed significant seasonality, with a clear peak in January for each age group and each gender group, as well as for the total sample. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates significant seasonal variations in the retinal vein occlusion incidence, with the peak occurrence in the winter month of January.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)722-728.e3
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume145
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 2008
Externally publishedYes

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