Selective localization of carbon nanotube and organoclay in biodegradable poly(butylene succinate)/polylactide blend-based nanocomposites with enhanced rigidity, toughness and electrical conductivity

Veluri Sivanjineyulu, Kartik Behera, Yen Hsiang Chang, Fang Chyou Chiu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon nanotube (CNT) and organo-montmorillonite (15A) were used individually and simultaneously as reinforcing fillers to fabricate poly(butylene succinate)/polylactide (PBS/PLA) blend-based nanocomposites. Poly(butylene succinate-co-lactate) served as compatibilizer for the PBS/PLA blend. Morphological results demonstrated that the added CNT was distributed mainly in the PBS matrix, whereas the added 15A was selectively localized within the dispersed PLA domains. Adding only 15A produced a quasi co-continuous PBS-PLA morphology. DSC results confirmed the nucleation effect of CNT on the crystallization of PBS and PLA, whereas 15A facilitated only the nucleation of PLA. The CNT exerted greater influence than 15A on the samples’ rheological properties. The Young's modulus and impact strength of the nanocomposites increased up to 4.2 and 2.8 times, respectively, compared with those of the blend. The electrical resistivity of the blend decreased by up to 11 orders at 3 phr CNT loading. The electrical-percolation threshold was constructed at 0.5 phr CNT loading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-39
Number of pages10
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • A. Nanocomposites
  • B. Electrical properties
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • B. Thermal properties

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