Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score Can Predict Mortality in Patients with Paraquat Intoxication

Cheng Hao Weng, Ching Chih Hu, Ja Liang Lin, Dan Tzu Lin-Tan, Wen Hung Huang, Ching Wei Hsu, Tzung Hai Yen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

60 Scopus citations


Introduction: Paraquat poisoning is characterized by multi-organ failure and pulmonary fibrosis with respiratory failure, resulting in high mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of mortality in cases of paraquat poisoning. Furthermore, we sought to determine the association between these parameters. Methods: A total of 187 patients were referred for management of intentional paraquat ingestion between January 2000 and December 2010. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were recorded. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and acute kidney injury network (AKIN) scores were collected, and predictors of mortality were analyzed. Results: Overall hospital mortality for the entire population was 54% (101/187). Using a multivariate logistic regression model, it was found that age, time to hospitalization, blood paraquat level, estimated glomerular filtration rate at admission (eGFRfirst day), and the SOFA48-h score, but not the AKIN48-h score, were significant predictors of mortality. For predicting the in-hospital mortality, SOFA48-h scores displayed a good area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) (0.795±0.033, P<0.001). The cumulative survival rate differed significantly between patients with SOFA48-h scores <3 and those ≥3 (P<0.001). A modified SOFA (mSOFA) score was further developed by using the blood paraquat level, and this new score also demonstrated a better AUROC (0.848±0.029, P<0.001) than the original SOFA score. Finally, the cumulative survival rate also differed significantly between patients with mSOFA scores <4 and ≥4 (P<0.001). Conclusion: The analytical data demonstrate that SOFA and mSOFA scores, which are based on the extent of organ function or rate of organ failure, help to predict mortality after intentional paraquat poisoning.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere51743
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number12
StatePublished - 14 12 2012


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