Seroprevalence of influenza A H1N1 and seroconversion of mothers and infants induced by a single dose of monovalent vaccine

Anne Chao, Yhu Chering Huang, Yao Lung Chang, Tzu Hao Wang, Shuenn Dyh Chang, Ting Shu Wu, Tsu Lan Wu, An Shine Chao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of preexisting antibodies against the pandemic 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) virus in pregnant women and to evaluate the seroprotection of the mothers and infants by a single injection of monovalent vaccine during the pandemic. Materials and Methods: Seropositivity rate of H1N1 among the nonvaccinated were compared with the vaccinated women. A single dose of vaccine, either nonadjuvanted AdimFlu-S or MF59-adjuvanted vaccine, was injected to the voluntarily vaccinated group. Maternal and cord blood sera were collected to evaluate the antibody response of the H1N1 virus. Seropositivity was defined as a hemagglutination inhibition titer to H1N1 (A/Taiwan/126/09) ≥1:40. Results: A total of 210 healthy, singleton, pregnant women were enrolled between January 2010 and May 2010. Seropositivity (≥1:40) of maternal hemagglutination inhibition was significantly higher in the vaccinated group (78%) than the nonvaccinated group (9.5%); 41.6% (20/48) of seropositive titers were >1:80. In nine vaccinated cases resulting in negative serum titers (<1:40), the prevalence of negative titer in the women received AdimFlu-S (14.8%, 4/31) was lower (p=0.025) than those received MF59-adjuvanted vaccine (50%, 5/10). Conclusions: Subclinical infection against H1N1 was low in Taiwanese pregnant women in the pandemic 2009. Seropositivity >75% could be achieved in the paired maternal and cord serum samples by a single injection of monovalent H1N1 vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-359
Number of pages4
JournalTaiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 09 2013

Keywords

  • H1N1
  • Infant
  • Influenza A
  • Pregnancy
  • Vaccine

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