Short- and long-term major cardiovascular adverse events in carotid artery interventions: A nationwide population-based cohort study in Taiwan

Ming Lung Tsai, Chun Tai Mao, Dong Yi Chen, I. Chang Hsieh, Ming Shien Wen, Tien Hsing Chen

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16 Scopus citations


Introduction: Carotid artery stenosis is one of the leading causes of ischemic stroke. Carotid artery stenting has become well-established as an effective treatment option for carotid artery stenosis. For this study, we aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of carotid stenting in a populationbased large cohort of patients by analyzing the Taiwan National Healthcare Insurance (NHI) database. Methods: 2,849 patients who received carotid artery stents in the NHI database from 2004 to 2010 were identified. We analyzed the risk factors of outcomes including major adverse cardiovascular events including death, acute myocardial infarction, and cerebral vascular accidents at 30 days, 1 year, and overall period and further evaluated cause of death after carotid artery stenting. Results: The periprocedural stroke rate was 2.7% and the recurrent stroke rate for the overall followup period was 20.3%. Male, diabetes mellitus, and heart failure were significant risk factors for overall recurrent stroke (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.35, p = 0.006; HR = 1.23, p = 0.014; HR = 1.61, p < 0.001, respectively). The periprocedural acute myocardial infarction rate was 0.3%. Age and Diabetes mellitus were the significant factors to predict periprocedural myocardial infarction (HR = 3.06, p = 0.019; HR = 1.68, p <0.001, respectively). Periprocedural and overall mortality rates were 1.9% and 17.3%, respectively. The most significant periprocedural mortality risk factor was acute renal failure. Age, diabetes mellitus, acute or chronic renal failure, heart failure, liver disease, and malignancy were factors correlated to the overall period mortality. Conclusion: Periprocedural acute renal failure significantly increased the mortality rate and the number of major adverse cardiovascular events, and the predict power persisted more than one year after the procedure. Age and diabetes mellitus were significant risk factors to predict acute myocardial infarction after carotid artery stenting.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0121016
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number3
StatePublished - 24 03 2015

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Tsai et al.


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