Short-term effects of ambient air pollution on ST-elevation myocardial infarction events: Are there potentially susceptible groups?

Hsiu Yung Pan, Shun Man Cheung, Fu Cheng Chen, Kuan Han Wu, Shih Yu Cheng, Po Chun Chuang, Fu Jen Cheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

26 Scopus citations


Background: Air pollution exposure is associated with greater risk for cardiovascular events. This study aims to examine the effects of increased exposure to short-term air pollutants on ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and determine the susceptible groups. Methods: Data on particulate matter PM2.5 and PM10 and other air pollutants, measured at each of the 11 air-quality monitoring stations in Kaohsiung City, were collected between 2011 and 2016. The medical records of non-trauma adult (>17 years) patients who had visited the emergency department (ED) with a typical electrocardiogram change of STEMI were extracted. A time-stratified and case-crossover study design was used to examine the relationship between air pollutants and daily ED visits for STEMI. Results: An interquartile range increment in PM2.5 on lag 0 was associated with an increment of 25.5% (95% confidence interval, 2.6%–53.4%) in the risk of STEMI ED visits. Men and persons with ≥3 risk factors (male sex, age, hypertension, diabetes, current smoker, dyslipidemia, history of myocardial infarction, and high body mass index) for myocardial infarction (MI) were more sensitive to the hazardous effects of PM2.5 (interaction: p = 0.039 and p = 0.018, respectively). The associations between PM10, NO2, and O3 and STEMI did not achieve statistical significance. Conclusion: PM2.5 may play an important role in STEMI events on the day of exposure in Kaohsiung. Men and persons with ≥3 risk factors of MI are more susceptible to the adverse effects of PM2.5 on STEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3760
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number19
StatePublished - 01 10 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Air pollution
  • Emergency department
  • Particulate matter
  • Preexisting morbidity
  • ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction


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