Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in Elite Taiwanese High School Baseball Pitchers From 2016 to 2017

Yi Lu, Wen Yi Chou*, Kuan Ting Wu, Alvin Chao Yu Chen, Yi Sheng Chan, Chih Hao Chiu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Background: Numerous studies have discussed the risk factors for shoulder and elbow injuries in high school baseball players worldwide. Purpose: To determine the risk factors for pitching-related shoulder and elbow injuries in Taiwanese high school pitchers. Study Design: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Included in the study were 144 pitchers from 11 top-ranked Taiwanese high school baseball teams between 2016 and 2017 high school baseball season. The participants answered a 55-item questionnaire concerning physical characteristics, pitching activities, injury history, and off-season activities. Univariate analyses were conducted separately for participants with and those without a pitching-related injury in the 12-month study period. The chi-square test or Fisher exact test was applied to categorical variables, and the F test or t test was applied to continuous variables. A stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors related to pitching-related injuries, and those results were calculated as odds ratios (ORs). Results: Having a pitching-related injury was significantly related to the number of pitches per week in the past 12 months (OR, 1.01; P =.006), pain over the shoulder and/or elbow in the past 12 months (OR, 3.56; P =.008), pitching competitive baseball for more than 8 of the past 12 months (OR, 2.53; P =.036), throwing sliders (OR, 2.97; P =.026), and lack of participating in other over-the-shoulder activities (0.03-0.11 fewer odds; P ≤.010). Conclusion: For elite high school pitchers in Taiwan, pitching-related shoulder and elbow injuries were related to the number of pitches per week, pitching competitive baseball for more than 8 of the past 12 months, pain over the shoulder and/or elbow in the past 12 months, throwing sliders, and a lack of participation in other sports with over-the-shoulder activities.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 05 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Keywords

  • baseball
  • elbow
  • pitching
  • shoulder

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Shoulder and Elbow Injuries in Elite Taiwanese High School Baseball Pitchers From 2016 to 2017'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this