Splenic tumour: A clinicopathlogical study

L. W. Chen, Rong Nan Chien*, C. L. Yen, L. C. Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

25 Scopus citations


Splenic tumours are occasionally found during routine physical check-ups or elective abdominal image studies. Histologically, most splenic tumours are of benign vascular origin. To avoid unnecessary surgery for asymptomatic patients with benign splenic tumours and clarify the clinicopathological features of spleen tumours, this study gathered 44 cases of primary or isolated metastatic spleen tumours confirmed by pathology from surgery specimens or biopsies. The differences in clinicopathological features and image presentations between benign and malignant spleen tumour were investigated. Thirty-two cases involved benign tumours while 12 cases were malignant. Among the benign tumours, vascular originating tumours were most common (with 14 cases of cavernous haemangiomas, 13 cases of lymphangioma, three cases of lymphangiohaemangioma and one case of Littoral cell angioma). Notably, one case of inflammatory pseudotumour because of Schistosoma parasite infection was also noted. Among the malignant tumours, there were four cases of angiosarcomas with vascular endothelium origins, as well as lymphomas and six metastatic tumours. Image studies were non-specific. Image study alone is an inadequate basis for making differential diagnoses between benign and malignant tumours. Instead, pathological studies are required for a final diagnosis. Using previous studies and this investigation, fine needle aspiration biopsy of spleen tumours with the help of ultrasonic or computed tomography appears a safe and effective method for obtaining biopsy specimens. Splenectomy is recommended only for patients with malignancies or complications such as intractable abdominal pain, coagulopathy or tumour rupture with an unstable haemodynamic state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-927
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Issue number10
StatePublished - 10 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Pseudotumour
  • Splenectomy
  • Splenic neoplasms
  • Vascular originating tumours


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