Superdry poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) coating on a lithium anode as a protective layer and separator for a high-performance lithium-oxygen battery

Ting Nan Hsia, Hsin Chun Lu, Yu Chih Hsueh, Selvaraj Rajesh Kumar, Chien Sheng Yen, Chun Chen Yang, Shingjiang Jessie Lue*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, a dense polyvinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) coating is fabricated on a lithium (Li) anode sheet, which acts as a synergistic protective layer and electrolyte separator for Li-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries. This thin coating is dried through slow solvent evaporation and vacuum drying methods. The solvent-free, dense PVDF-HFP coating has a thickness of 45 µm and can absorb 62% of electrolyte. The battery containing the PVDF-HFP coating demonstrates a maximum peak power density of 3 mW cm−2, significantly higher than that of the battery with the PVDF coating (0.8 mW cm−2) but lower than that without coating (equipped with a commercial glass fiber separator, 7.3 mW cm−2). However, the PVDF-HFP coating enables the Li-O2 battery to reach a capacity of 4400 mA h g−1, much higher than that without the coating (glass fiber separator, 850 mA h g−1). The symmetric Li-Li cells further confirm steady and low overpotentials using the anode coating at a high current density of 1.0 mA cm−2, indicating stable Li plating/stripping process. The PVDF-HFP-coated battery has a longer cycling lifetime (1700 h) than those with the PVDF coating (120 h) and a glass fiber separator (670 h). The Raman spectra show that there are lithium compounds (mainly lithium hydroxide) and residual PVDF-HFP on the aged anode surface. The dense PVDF-HFP coating on the Li anode plays dual roles: it creates a strong protective layer for stabilizing the solid-electrolyte interface (in the solid phase), and acts as a separator for modulating the Li metal deposition and stripping behaviors in liquid electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-534
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume626
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 11 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Aged lithium anode
  • Anode protective layer
  • Cycling stability
  • Dendrite formation
  • Lithium metal rechargeable batteries

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