Surgery-first accelerated orthognathic surgery: Orthodontic guidelines and setup for model surgery

Eric J.W. Liou, Po Hsung Chen, Yu Chih Wang, Chung Chih Yu, C. S. Huang, Yu Ray Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

The surgery-first approach indicates that the orthognathic surgery precedes the orthodontic treatment, whereas the orthodontics-first approach indicates that the orthodontic treatment precedes the orthognathic surgery. The conventional approach is an orthodontics-first approach. The purposes of this article are to introduce the concept of the surgery-first approach and to report the guidelines for orthodontic management and model surgery without presurgical orthodontic decompensation. The surgery-first approach treats facial esthetics first and then occlusion, whereas the conventional approach treats occlusion first and then facial esthetics. The surgery-first approach uses osteotomy to solve both skeletal problems and dental compensation, and a " transitional" occlusion is set up postoperatively. Orthodontics in the surgery-first approach is a postoperatively adjunctive treatment to transfigure the transitional occlusion into the solid final occlusion. The advantages of the surgery-first approach are that 1) the patient's chief complaint, dental function, and facial esthetics are achieved and improved in the beginning of the treatment; 2) the entire treatment period is shortened to 1 to 1.5 years or fewer depending on the complexity of orthodontic treatment; and 3) the phenomenon of postoperatively accelerated orthodontic tooth movement reduces the difficulty and treatment time of orthodontic management in the surgery-first approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-780
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 03 2011

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