SURGICAL OUTCOME and PROGNOSTIC FACTORS after OPHTHALMIC SURGERY in ABUSIVE HEAD TRAUMA

Ming Chih Ho, An Lun Wu, Nan Kai Wang, Kuan Jen Chen, Yih Shiou Hwang, Chi Chun Lai, Wei Chi Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Purpose:To analyze the clinical characteristics, surgical outcomes, and risk factors associated with visual outcomes in patients with abusive head trauma (AHT).Methods:We retrospectively reviewed surgical outcomes of patients with AHT who underwent vitrectomy from 2001 to 2019. The patients' demographics, comprehensive preoperative and postoperative ocular findings, surgical treatments, visual outcomes, and postoperative complications in the medical records were reviewed. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify the prognostic factors associated with visual outcomes.Results:Fourteen children (18 eyes) diagnosed with AHT who underwent vitrectomy were evaluated. The most common surgical indication was vitreous hemorrhage (n = 6, 33%). Retinal attachment at the final visit was noted in 17 eyes (94%). Thirteen eyes (72%) had a best-corrected visual acuity less than 20/200 after vitrectomy. In the multivariable analysis, optic nerve atrophy (n = 9, 50%) was significantly associated with a poor visual prognosis (final best-corrected visual acuity worse than 20/200) after vitrectomy in children with AHT (95% confidence interval, 1.041-517.963, P = 0.0471).Conclusion:The general visual prognosis was poor for patients with AHT needing vitrectomy, although a high rate of retinal attachment was observed. Optic nerve atrophy is a prognostic factor for poor visual outcomes in patients with AHT who received ophthalmic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-972
Number of pages6
JournalRetina
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 05 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • abusive head trauma
  • optic nerve atrophy
  • prognostic factor
  • retinal hemorrhage
  • vitrectomy
  • vitreous hemorrhage

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