Surveyed Data for Structural Shielding Calculations of Radiographic X-ray Installations in Taiwan

Tou-Rong Chen, Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Chien-Hau Chu, Ming-Chi Wu, Chuan-Jong Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review


The use of surveyed data on the x-ray tube workloads and clinical exposure parameters was suggested in NCRP Report No. 147 for the structural shielding design of medical x-ray installations. To guide the shielding design of radiographic x-ray rooms in Taiwan, a large-scale survey was conducted to collect information required for the computations of the 'transmissions from broad x-ray beams through shielding materials. Surveyed data were collected during one week from 10,750 projections of 6,657 examinations in 13 radiographic rooms from nine hospitals. This survey was the first time that this type of clinical data has been collected in Taiwan on a large scale. The surveyed total workload was divided into separate contributions from x-ray projections directed at the floor, the wall bucky, and all barriers (used for secondary barriers). Based on the surveyed workload distributions, the unshielded air kerma per patient at 1 m from the source was calculated by the PCXMC program using surveyed x-ray tube parameters on the generator waveform, anode material, target angle, and filtration. Subsequently, the transmissions of x-rays through different barrier materials were computed by considering the average workloads and the average workloads plus one standard deviations. The latter computations were for a sensitivity study to find the influence of workload variations in different hospitals on the shielding requirements. All surveyed data and calculated results were compared with corresponding values given in NCRP 147 to analyze the radiographic imaging differences between Taiwan and U.S. Health Phys. 104(Supplement 2):S60-S67; 2013
Original languageAmerican English
JournalHealth Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013


  • National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
  • operational topics
  • shielding
  • x-ray machines


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