Systemic approach to identify serum microRNAs as potential biomarkers for acute myocardial infarction

An Hsu, Shu Jen Chen, Yu Sun Chang, Hua Chien Chen*, Pao Hsien Chu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Recent studies have revealed the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of biological and pathological processes, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We hypothesized that ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) may be associated with an alteration of miRNAs and that circulating miRNAs may be used as diagnostic markers for STEMI. Methods. Expression levels of 270 serum miRNAs were analyzed in 8 STEMI patients and 8 matched healthy controls to identify miRNAs differentially expressed in the sera of patients with AMI. The differentially expressed miRNAs were evaluated in a separate cohort of 62 subjects, including 31 STEMI patients and 31 normal controls. Results. The initial profiling study identified 12 upregulated and 13 downregulated serum miRNAs in the AMI samples. A subsequent validation study confirmed that serum miR-486-3p and miR-150-3p were upregulated while miR-126-3p, miR-26a-5p, and miR-191-5p were significantly downregulated in the sera of patients with AMI. Ratios between the level of upregulated and downregulated miRNAs were also significantly different in those with AMI. Receiver operator characteristics curve analysis using the expression ratio of miR-486-3p and miR-191-5p showed an area under the curve of 0.863. Conclusion. Our results suggest that serum miRNAs may be used as potential diagnostic biomarkers for STEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number418628
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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