Telbivudine on IgG-associated hypergammaglobulinemia and TGF-β1 hyperactivity in hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis

Cheng Hsun Ho, Ting Tsung Chang, Rong Nan Chien*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

As debate rumbles on about whether anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) nucleos(t)ide analogue treatments modulate host immune system during end-stage liver diseases, we studied effects of two potent anti-HBV agents, telbivudine or entecavir, on humoral immune activities including cytokine secretion, immunoglobulin production, and IgG-Fc agalactosylation, which is known to induce proinflammatory responses, in liver cirrhosis. Serum IgG-Fc N-glycan structures in patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis, who had received either telbivudine treatment or entecavir treatment for at least 48 weeks were analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry. Levels of cytokines and each immunoglobulin isotype were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results showed that 48 weeks of entecavir treatment caused HBV DNA loss, alanine aminotransferase normalization, and an amelioration of hypergammaglobulinemia in cirrhotic patients; however, telbivudine treatment, though possessing similar efficacies on HBV suppression and an improvement in liver inflammation to entecavir treatment, did not mitigate IgG-related hypergammaglobulinemia. Levels of IgG and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in sera of the cirrhotic patients before and during treatment were positively correlated. In vitro assays revealed that telbivudine treatment induced TGF-β1 expression in human macrophagic cells. Moreover, recombinant TGF-β1 treatment stimulated cell proliferation and IgG overproduction in human IgG-producing B cell lines. Finally, we found that telbivudine treatment enhanced the proportion of serum IgG-Fc agalactosylation in cirrhotic patients, which was associated with enhanced levels of TGF-β1 and IgG. In conclusion, telbivudine therapy was associated with TGF-β1 hyperactivity, IgG-related hypergammaglobulinemia, and IgG-Fc agalactosylation in HBV-related liver cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0225482
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 11 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Ho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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