The change in liver stiffness, controlled attenuation parameter and fibrosis-4 index for chronic hepatitis C patients with direct-acting antivirals

Yu Chi Lee, Tsung Hui Hu, Chao Hung Hung, Sheng Nan Lu, Chien Hung Chen, Jing Houng Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aim Transient elastography and fibrosis-4 index (FIB-4) have been proposed to access hepatic fibrosis and steatosis for patients with chronic liver disease. This study was to determine the changes of liver stiffness (LS), controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) value and FIB-4 and their associated factors for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients who underwent direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). Patients and methods Consecutive patients with CHC in advanced fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis undergoing paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir plus dasabuvir therapy and with LS and CAP before and 12 weeks after treatment were enrolled. The demographics, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were reviewed. The changes of LS, FIB-4, CAP and their associated factors were analyzed. Results A total of 213 patients (mean age: 63.7 years) with complete recommended treatment were enrolled. All patients achieved sustained virological response at 12 weeks (SVR12) of follow-up. The mean values of LS, CAP and FIB-4 index before treatment were 18.5kPa, 283dB/m and 5.05 respectively. While there was no significant change in CAP, LS and FIB-4 decreased significantly at the time of SVR12 (p<0.001). Compared with follow-up period, LS and FIB-4 decreased rapidly during DDAs. Multivariate analysis showed that higher baseline LS and FIB-4 were associated with greater reductions at the time of SVR12. Conclusion For CHC patients in advanced fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis, DAAs improved LS and FIB-4 index at SVR12. Higher baseline LS and FIB-4 contributed to greater reductions. However, there was no significant change in CAP value.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0214323
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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