The correlates of body mass index and risk factors for being overweight among preschoolers with motor delay

Ai Wen Hwang*, I. Chin Wu, Chiao Nan Chen, Hsin Yi Kathy Cheng, Chia Ling Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This cross-sectional study investigated the correlates of body mass index (BMI) and risk factors for overweight among 91 children with motor delay (MD) aged 9-73 months. Anthropometric measurements and questionnaires regarding multiple risk factors were obtained. Simple correlations between BMI percentile classifications and potential predictors were examined using Spearman's rank/Pearson's correlations and χ2 analysis. Multiple predictors of overweight were analyzed using logistic regression. BMI was correlated positively with higher caloric intake (rs =.21, p <.05) and negatively with passive activity (rs =.21, p <.05). When multiple predictors were considered, more severe dysphagia (odds ratio [OR], 2.81, p =.027, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-7.04) and antiepileptic drug use (OR, 19.12, p =.008, 95% CI, 2.14-170.81) had significant partial effects on overweight status. Agencies supporting early development should consider caregiver education regarding the potential implication of feeding style and medication on BMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-143
Number of pages19
JournalAdapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 2014

Keywords

  • Anthropometric status
  • Children
  • Developmental delay
  • Physical activity

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