The effects of hyaluronic acid on hemiplegic shoulder injury and pain in patients with subacute stroke A randomized controlled pilot study

Yu Chi Huang*, Chau Peng Leong, Lin Wang, Mei Ju Chen, Chien Yi Chuang, Mei Yun Liaw, Lin Yi Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) is one of the most common comorbidities in stroke patients with flaccid shoulders. The pain limits functional motor recovery and affects the activities of daily living after acute stroke. This study investigated the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) injection on pain reduction and motor function in subacute stroke patients with HSP and injury. Methods: A randomized, double-blinded controlled trial was conducted in a medical center. Twenty-six subacute stroke patients were enrolled and randomly divided into 2 groups: the experimental group (n=16) received ultrasound-guided, subacromial HA injections once per week for 3 weeks and conventional rehabilitation, whereas the control group (n=10) received 0.9% sodium chloride injections once per week for 3 weeks and conventional rehabilitation. Shoulder pain and motor function were evaluated before and after the intervention using the visual analog scale (VAS) and the Fugl-Meyer assessment for the upper extremity (FMAUE), respectively. Results: In the experimental group, significant differences were found in VAS (P=0.003), shoulder flexion (P=0.03) and abduction (P=0.02), and FMA-UE (P=0.003) after treatment. In the control group, there were significant differences in VAS (P=0.007), shoulder flexion (P=0.035), and FMA-UE (P=0.042) after treatment. The comparison of the changes in the parameters between the experimental and control groups, after each intervention, revealed a significant difference in VAS (P=0.001). Conclusion: Subacromial HA injection could result in positive effects on shoulder pain and shoulder abduction in subacute stroke patients with HSP and injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e5547
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 the Author(s).

Keywords

  • Hemiplegic shoulder
  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Pain
  • Stroke

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