The Impact of Onset Age on Eosinophils in Kawasaki Disease

Yu Jhen Chen, Mindy Ming Huey Guo, Ling Sai Chang, Ho Chang Kuo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

(1) Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) mainly affects children under the age of 5 years and eosinophilia in KD patients might be associated with the development of allergic diseases. We compared the age-adjusted Z-score (Z) of eosinophils and aimed to evaluate the impact of onset age on eosinophils in KD patients. (2) Methods: We divided 398 KD patients into seven age subgroups. Laboratory data and the age-adjusted Z-score of eosinophils during the phases of Kawasaki disease were analyzed. (3) Results: The absolute eosinophil count among all age groups showed significant differences in the post-intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) phase and throughout the course of KD with Z-score adjusted for age. Further analysis showed persistent elevation of the age-adjusted Z-score of eosinophils (Z-eosinophil) especially in the under six-month-old age subgroup. In addition, we divided the Z-eosinophil into two groups to find the relationship with coronary artery lesions (CALs). Patients with a higher eosinophil count than average age values had a higher risk of developing CALs, while those with a lower eosinophil count than average age values had a lower risk of having CALs. (4) Conclusions: These findings may provide information to clinicians to pay attention to allergic diseases during the follow-up of KD, especially for children who are younger than 6 months old at the onset of KD, and eosinophil count could be a crucial focus in KD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number835
JournalBiomedicines
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • IVIG
  • Kawasaki disease
  • Z-score
  • age
  • allergy
  • coronary artery lesion
  • eosinophil

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