The mannose receptor binds Trichuris muris excretory/secretory proteins but is not essential for protective immunity

Matthew L. Deschoolmeester, Luisa Martinez-Pomares, Siamon Gordon, Kathryn J. Else

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

33 Scopus citations


Trichuris muris is a natural mouse model of the human gastrointestinal nematode parasite Trichuris trichiura and it is well established that a T helper type 2-dominated immune response is required for worm expulsion. Macrophages accumulate in the large intestine of mice during infection and these cells are known to express the mannose receptor (MR), which may act as a pattern recognition receptor. The data presented here show for the first time that T. muris excretory/secretory products (E/S) induce bone-marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) to produce several cytokines and have MR-binding activity. Using alternatively activated BMDM from MR knockout mice it is shown that the production of interleukin-6 partially depends on the MR. Infection of MR knockout mice with T. muris reveals that this receptor is not necessary for the expulsion of the parasite because MR knockout mice expel parasites with the same kinetics as wild-type animals and have similar cytokine responses in the mesenteric lymph nodes. Furthermore, despite acting to reduce serum levels of proinflammatory mediators, absence of the MR does not lead to increased gut inflammation after T. muris infection when assessed by macrophage influx, goblet cell hyperplasia and crypt depth. This work suggests that, despite binding components of T. muris E/S, the MR is not critically involved in the generation of the immune response to this parasite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-255
Number of pages10
Issue number2
StatePublished - 02 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Large intestine
  • Macrophage
  • Mannose receptor
  • Parasite
  • Trichuris muris


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