The phenotype and gene frequencies of human platelet specific antigens among Chinese in Taiwan.

K. C. Tsao*, C. F. Sun, N. C. Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human platelet specific antigens (HPA) were serologically typed among 48 to 567 samples of blood from Chinese in Taiwan by using the mixed passive hemag-glutination method (MPHA). The prevalence found was: HPA-la (P1A1), > 99.9% (48/48); HPA-2b (Koa or Siba), 9.0% (51/567); HPA-3a (Baka), 84.8% (481/567); HPA-4a (Yukb), > 99.9% (567/567); HPA-4b (Yuka), 0.5% (3/567); HPA-5b (Br(a)), 32.6% (185/567); and Nak(a), 98.4% (558/567). The gene frequencies for these antigens were: HPA-la (P1A1), > 0.999; HPA-2b (Koa or Siba), 0.046; HPA-3a (Bak(a)), 0.611; HPA-4a (Yukb), 0.997; HPA-4b (Yuka), 0.003; HPA-5b (Br(a)), 0.179; and Nak(a), 0.874. The distribution of HPA's for Chinese differ from those for Caucasians and for Japanese. When compared to Caucasians, Chinese show a higher prevalence of HPA-la (P1A1), higher prevalence of HPA-5b (Br(a)), lower prevalence of HPA-2b (Koa or Siba) and lower prevalence of HPA-3a (Baka). Both Chinese and Japanese have a very high prevalence rate of HPA-la (P1A1), ie. close to 100%. However, the prevalence of HPA 2-2b (Koa or Siba) and HPA-4b (Yuka) is slightly lower in Chinese than in Japanese; and, the prevalence rate for HPA-3a (Baka) is slightly higher in Chinese than in Japanese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-55
Number of pages8
JournalChinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Volume25
Issue number1
StatePublished - 02 1992
Externally publishedYes

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