The Pivotal Role of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-Regulated Tight Junction Proteins and Innate Immunity on the Synergistic Effects of Postbiotic Butyrate and Active Vitamin D3 to Defense against Microbial Invasion in Salmonella Colitis

Fu Chen Huang*, Shun Chen Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our recent report illustrated the unitedly advantageous effects of postbiotic butyrate on active vitamin D3 (VD3)-orchestrated innate immunity in Salmonella colitis. There is growing awareness that aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) can regulate intestinal immunity and barrier function, through modulating cecal inflammation and junction proteins expression. Hence, we researched the participation of AhR-regulated tight junction functions on the united effects of butyrate and VD3 on intestinal defense to Salmonella infection. Salmonella colitis model were elicited by oral gavage with 1 × 108 CFU of a S. typhimurium wild-type strain SL1344 in C57BL/6 mice. Before and after the colitis generation, mice were fed with butyrate and/or VD3 by oral gavage in the absence or presence of intraperitoneal injection of AhR inhibitor for 4 and 7 days, respectively. We observed that butyrate and VD3 could concert together to reduce the invasion of Salmonella in colitis mice by enhancing cecal cytokines and antimicrobial peptides expression and reducing zonulin and claudin-2 protein expressions in mucosal stain, compared to single treatment, which were counteracted by AhR inhibitor. It implies that AhR is involved in the united effects of butyrate and VD3 on the intestinal defense to Salmonella infection in colitis mice. This study discloses the promising alternative therapy of combining postbiotic and VD3 for invasive Salmonellosis and the pivotal role of AhR pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Article number305
JournalNutrients
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 01 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Salmonella colitis
  • active vitamin D3
  • acyl hydrocarbon receptor
  • innate immunity
  • postbiotics
  • tight junction
  • Salmonella
  • Salmonella Infections/drug therapy
  • Butyrates/pharmacology
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/metabolism
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Animals
  • Tight Junctions/metabolism
  • Cholecalciferol/pharmacology
  • Tight Junction Proteins
  • Mice
  • Colitis/metabolism

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