The risk of endocarditis in hemodialysis patients who have undergone invasive dental treatment: a cohort case–control analysis of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database

I. Chen Yu, Shang-Hung Chang, Hsiang-Hsi Hong, Yu Tung Huang, Ji Tseng Fang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine if hemodialysis patients who have undergone an invasive dental treatment are at risk of developing infective endocarditis. Materials and methods: This study was a cohort case–control design and used secondary data collected from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The case group and the control group were each comprised of 19,602 hemodialysis patients. The control group was matched for four variables: age, gender, a medical history of diabetes mellitus, and a cerebrovascular event. After matching, the case group and the control group were each comprised of 19,602 hemodialysis patients. Cox regression analysis determined hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results: Patients were followed up at 1 month and 3 months after receiving invasive dental treatment. The results showed the cohort case–control hazard ratio was 0.88 (95% CI, 0.49, 1.57) 1 month after receiving invasive dental treatment. Three months after receiving IDT, the cohort case–control hazard ratio was 1.04 (95% CI, 0.71, 1.52). Hazard ratios did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusions: Hemodialysis patients who received invasive dental treatment had no greater risk of developing infective endocarditis than matched control patients. The results of this study should alleviate concerns for hemodialysis patients and dentists about invasive dental treatment procedures. We recommend hemodialysis patients undergo invasive dental treatment when needed. Clinical relevance: The results of this study showed that invasive dental treatment did not increase their risk of developing infective endocarditis. Hemodialysis patients in need of an invasive dental procedure should be encouraged to undergo treatment if the dentist deems it necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-211
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Database
  • Hemodialysis
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Invasive dental treatment
  • Endocarditis/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Taiwan/epidemiology

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