The tumor-growth inhibitory activity of flavanone and 2′-OH flavanone in vitro and in vivo through induction of cell cycle arrest and suppression of cyclins and CDKs

Yung Chin Hsiao, Yih Shou Hsieh, Wu Hsien Kuo, Hui Ling Chiou, Shun Fa Yang, Whei Ling Chiang, Shu Chen Chu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural products, including flavonoids, are suggested to be involved in the protective effects of fruits and vegetables against cancer. However, studies concerning the effect of flavonoids frequently lacked data regarding to flavanones. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of flavanone compounds, including flavanone, 2′-OH flavanone, 4′-OH flavanone, 6-OH flavanone, naringin and naringenin, on cell growth of various cancer cells. We determined that flavanone and 2′-OH flavanone inhibited cell growth of A549, LLC, AGS, SK-Hepl and HA22T cancer cells, while other flavanones showed little or no inhibition. We evaluated growth-inhibitory activity of flavanone and 2′-OH flavanone against highly proliferative human lung cancer cells (A549) via anchorage-independent and -dependent colony formation assay, and further showed that treatment of flavanone resulted in a G1 cell cycle arrest with reduction of cyclin D, E and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 2, while treatment of 2′-OH flavanone led to a G2/M phase accumulation with reduction of cyclin B, D and Cdc2. Moreover, we demonstrated the improvement effect of flavanone and 2′-OH flavanone with anti-cancer drug, doxorubicin, on A549 cells. Finally, flavanone and 2′-OH flavanone were evidenced by its inhibition on the growth of A549 and Lewis lung carcinoma cells in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-119
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biomedical Science
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • A549 human lung cancer cells
  • Cyclin-CDK complex
  • Flavanone compounds

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The tumor-growth inhibitory activity of flavanone and 2′-OH flavanone in vitro and in vivo through induction of cell cycle arrest and suppression of cyclins and CDKs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this