Transarterial embolisation for congenital renal arteriovenous malformations improves clinical condition even with partial obliteration

T. W. Sheng, Y. C. Wong, C. H. Wu, L. J. Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transarterial embolisation (TAE), used to treat congenital renal arteriovenous malformations (CRAVMs). Materials and methods The medical records were searched retrospectively to identify patients who underwent TAE to treat CRAVM from January 2003 to August 2015. Patient demographics, clinical presentations, and imaging findings were reviewed. TAE outcomes, including complete or partial obliteration, clinical success, complications, renal function changes, and relapse of symptoms or signs after the final TAE, were assessed. Results Over the 12-year period, 16 patients (nine male, seven female; median age, 47 years) who underwent 21 TAE procedures to treat 16 CRAVMs were enrolled in the study. The most common clinical presentation was haematuria (81.3%). Thirteen patients (81.3%) had cirsoid and three (18.7%) had aneurysmal CRAVMs. Of the 16 CRAVMs, 11 (68.8%) were peripheral, four (25%) were central, and one (6.3%) was both peripheral and central. The complete obliteration rate was 56.3%. The clinical success rate was 87.5% over a median follow-up period of 398.5 days. Two (9.5%) major complications and 14 (66.7%) minor complications were encountered. No statistically significant change in renal function was evident after TAE. Conclusion TAE was safe and effective when used to treat CRAVM; the complication profile was acceptable and renal function was preserved. TAE improved the clinical condition of CRAVM patients even when obliteration was only partial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1053-1059
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Radiology
Volume72
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists

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