Transient elastography and simple blood markers in the diagnosis of esophageal varices for compensated patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis

Jing Houng Wang*, Seng Kee Chuah, Sheng Nan Lu, Chao Hung Hung, Chien Hung Chen, Kwong Ming Kee, Kuo Chin Chang, Wei Chen Tai, Tsung Hui Hu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Aim: Transient elastography (TE) has been useful in esophageal varices (EV) diagnosis for chronic hepatitis C patients. In the present study, we evaluate the usefulness of TE and simple blood markers in the EV diagnosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis, prospectively. Methods: Consecutive patients with compensated cirrhosis and positive HBV surface antigen were enrolled, prospectively. At enrollment, the aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase ratio (AAR) and the AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) were recorded, and TE was performed. Two experienced endoscopists assessed EV independently. High-risk EV was defined as small size with a red color sign, and medium or large in size. The diagnostic performances, optimal cut-offs, and the validities of TE, APRI, platelet count (PLT), and AAR in EV diagnosis were assessed. Results: A total of 126 patients (male/female: 93/33; mean age: 54.5years) with reliable TE results were analyzed. There was good agreement between two endoscopists in assessing the presence of EV and high-risk EV (kappa value: 0.82 and 0.96). Forty-eight (38.1%) patients had EV (small: 35; high risk: 13). There was correlation between TE result and EV size (r=0.515, P<0.001). TE, APRI, and PLT were similar; however, superior to AAR in the diagnostic accuracies for EV and high-risk EV. In high-risk EV prediction, the negative predictive value (NPV) was 97%, 98%, and 98%, with cut-offs of 21kPa, 1.24, and 110 (×109/L) for TE, APRI, and PLT, respectively. Conclusions: For compensated patients with HBV-related cirrhosis, TE, APRI, and PLT are useful in excluding high-risk EV with high NPV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1218
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 2012

Keywords

  • Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index
  • Esophageal varices
  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Transient elastography

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