Treatment for Unsuccessful Tension-Free Vaginal Tape Operation by Shortening Pre-Implanted Tape

Tsia Shu Lo, Alex C. Wang*, Ching Chung Liang, Cheng Yu Long, Shu Jane Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We studied the efficacy of shortening the pre-implanted suburethral tape in patients with recurrent urodynamic stress incontinence after a TVT operation. Materials and Methods: A total of 14 women, including 6 with ISD, were treated for recurrent urodynamic stress incontinence after the initial TVT operation by performing the shortening procedure under local anesthesia. Urodynamics, a 1-hour pad test, introital ultrasonography of the urethra and a cotton swab test were done before the procedure and 1 year postoperatively. Results: All 14 patients completed the shortening procedure. Mean patient age was 47.2 years (range 43 to 66). Mean time between initial TVT and the shortening procedure was 4 months (range 3 to 14). Ten patients (71.4%) were objectively cured and treatment failed in 4 (2 with ISD and 2 with a fixed urethra). Mean operative time was 17 minutes (range 10 to 25). No intraoperative surgical complications were observed. The 1-hour pad test showed a decrease from a median of 9.0 gm to 1.0. Median postoperative hospital stay was 1 day (range 1 to 4). Spontaneous voiding with adequate post-void residual urine was noted in all patients before discharge home. Conclusions: Shortening a pre-implanted TVT tape for the treatment of recurrent urodynamic stress incontinence is a safe, effective and minimally invasive option requiring only a short hospital stay. However, ISD and an immobile urethra seem to be risk factors for failure. Long-term followup is needed to determine if this surgery achieves long-lasting results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2196-2200
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume175
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 06 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • female
  • prostheses and implants
  • stress
  • urethra
  • urinary incontinence
  • vagina

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