Two-Phase Multicast DRX Scheduling for 3GPP LTE-Advanced Networks

Jia Ming Liang, Jen Jee Chen*, Po Chun Hsieh, Yu Chee Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

13 Scopus citations


For next-generation wireless communications, the 3GPP Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A) is the most promising technology which provides transmission rate up to 1 Gbps and supports various broadband multimedia services, such as IPTV and Voice/Video-over-IP services. To reduce the energy consumption of user equipments (UEs), the LTE-A standard defines the Discontinuous Reception Mechanism (DRX) to allow UEs to turn off their radio interfaces and go to sleep when no data needs to be received. However, how to optimally configure DRX for UEs is still left as an open issue. In this paper, we address the DRX optimization problem for multicast services. This problem asks how to guarantee the quality of service (QoS) of the multicast streams under the Evolved Node B (eNB) while minimizing the UEs' wake-up time. We prove this problem to be NP-complete and propose an energy-efficient heuristic. This heuristic consists of two phases. The first phase tries to aggregate the required bandwidth of the multicast streams for UEs to reduce their wake-up periods. The second phase further minimizes UEs' unnecessary wake-up periods by optimizing their DRX configurations. Extensive simulation results show that our scheduling is close to the optimum in most cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7272101
Pages (from-to)1839-1849
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Issue number7
StatePublished - 01 07 2016

Bibliographical note

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© 2002-2012 IEEE.


  • Discontinuous Reception Mechanism (DRX)
  • Energy Saving
  • Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A)
  • Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS)
  • Quality of Service (QoS)


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